Meniere's disease is a medical condition that affects the inner ear and is characterized by a group of symptoms that include:
The exact cause of Meniere's disease is not yet fully understood, but it is believed to be related to an abnormal buildup of fluid in the inner ear. This excess fluid, also known as endolymphatic hydrops, can cause changes in pressure and volume within the inner ear, leading to the symptoms of Meniere's disease.
Meniere's disease can be diagnosed by a medical professional through a physical exam, hearing tests, and other tests such as balance tests or imaging studies.
The treatment for Meniere's disease typically involves medications such as diuretics, steroids, or anti-nausea drugs to manage symptoms, as well as lifestyle changes such as reducing salt intake and avoiding triggers such as caffeine or alcohol. In some cases, surgery or a minimally invasive procedure such as endolymphatic sac decompression may be recommended for more severe or persistent cases.